Communism/Marxism

Communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. It is a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party. It is also a religious worldview because it provides the answers to life's questions and establishes a holistic worldview that addresses all facets of life.


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Goals, "Communist Manifesto"

The theory of the Communists may be summed up in the singlephrase:  The abolition of privateproperty. (page 82)

In bourgeois society, therefore, thepast dominates the present; in communist society, the present dominates thepast. In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, whilethe living person is dependent and has no individuality.

And the abolition of this state ofthings is called by the bourgeoisie, abolition of individuality andfreedom!  Andrightly so.  The abolition ofbourgeois individuality, bourgeois independence, and bourgeois freedom isundoubtedly aimed at. (page 84)

You reproach us with intending to doaway with your property.  Preciselyso; that is just what we intend.  (page 85)

. . . themiddle-class owner of property. This person must, indeed, be swept out of the way, and madeimpossible.  (pages 85-86)

Abolition of the family!  (page87)

The Communists are further reproachedwith desiring to abolish countries and nationality."  (page 90)

Communism abolisheseternal truths, it abolishes all religion, and all morality. (page 92)

Communists everywhere support everyrevolutionary movement against the existing social and political order ofthings.  (page 116)


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Goals of Communism

1.     Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of landto public purposes.

2.     A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.

3.     Abolition of all right of inheritance.

4.     Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.

5.     Centralization of credit in the hands of the state, by means of anational bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly.

6.     Centralization of the means of communication and transport in thehands of the state.

7.     Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by thestate; the bringing into cultivation of wastelands, and the improvement of thesoil generally in accordance with a common plan.

8.     Equal liability of all to labor. Establishment of industrialarmies, especially for agriculture.

9.     Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradualabolition of the distinction between town and country, by a more equabledistribution of the population over the country.

10.  Free education for all childrenin public schools.  Abolition ofchildren's factory labor in its present form.  Combination of education with industrialproduction, etc., etc.


Source: The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, 1848.


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Karl Marx and Marxism

Karl Marx was an intellectual that contributed ideas which helped to promote communist and socialist revolutions. His ideology revolved around ten basic points.

1)    The abolition of the property/ownership of land.

2)    Income tax to be graded to income – the more an individual earned, themore they paid. The less you earned, the less you paid.

3)    Abolition of all rights of inheritance.

4)    The confiscation of all property of immigrants and rebels.

5)    The centralisation of all credit into the hands of the state by means ofa national bank with state capital and an exclusive economy.

6)    Centralisation of all means of communication and transport into the handsof the state.

7)    The extension of factories and the instrument of production owned by thestate. Bringing into cultivation all land not being used that could be and animprovement in the fertility of the soil.

8)    The equal obligation of all to work and the establishment of anindustrial and agricultural armies.

9)    The combination of agriculture and manufacturing industries with thegradual abolition of the distinction between town and country by the moreequable distribution of the population over the country.

10) Free education for allchildren in public schools. The abolition of child labor in factories; aneducated child would be better for society in the long term, than a child noteducated.


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Subpages (1):Social Justice